The seminar will focus on abuse of dominance cases. We will build on topics that were discussed during the first seminar, such as market power, consumer welfare, and foreclosure effects in order to discuss basic economic and legal concepts that are particularly relevant in Article 102 cases.  Topics will include the assessment of substantial market power (dominance), barriers to entry and expansion, “excessive” prices, refusals to deal with rivals, and low price strategies that might foreclose competitors.  The seminar will rely heavily on European cases and case hypotheticals to illustrate key concepts and to discuss how economic and legal questions can be resolved in actual cases before courts.

Founded by the Training of National Judges Programme of the European Union